Facts about Costa Rica:
• Surface: 51.200 km²
• Population: 4, 43 Mio.
• Form of government: Presidential Republic
• Languages: Official language is Spanish but there are further ones like Patois or indigenous languages
• Religion: 77% Catholics, 14% protestants
• Holiday: 15.09. Independence Day (1821 from Spain) with patriotic celebrations
• Capital: San José; most important cities: Alajuela, Cartago, Puerto Limón, Puntarenas, Liberia, San Isidro
• Shore line: Pacific 1020 km, Atlantic 211 km
• Extension: north-south: 464 km, east-west 259 km
• Highest mountain: Cerro Chirripo Grande with 3839 m above sea level
Costa Rica’s population consists of around 94% residents with European and Indigenous ancestors, 3% black people, 1% Indios, 1 % Chinese people and 1% of others. All together, the number of residents is estimated around 4, 4 million. With 85 inhabitants/ km², the density of population is very high compared to the 32 residents/ km² in the USA.
Costa Rica is part of the tropical zone with quite constant temperatures during the year. The climate depends on the altitude and the amount of precipitation. At the pacific side, the dry period begins in December and ends in april. Apart from May, winds from the southwest might provide rainfalls which get stronger and stronger until October in the western half of the country. Similar effects provoke low pressure areas in the Caribbean flatland. This wet-dry climate is subject to the global climate change. Consequently, it is just possible to give a forecast of the weather with a certain probability. All in all, Costa Rica is a country that can be visited through the whole year without having to think too much about climate or diseases.
In order to be able to connect your electronic devices with European plugs, an adapter is quite helpful. The voltage in Costa Rica is about 110 V but fluctuations of the electric current cannot be excluded.
The topic environmental protection is extraordinarily important in Costa Rica, one of the worldwide leaders in this area. More than 25% of the land has been turned into national parks or biological reserves. Furthermore, a lot of effort is put on the reduction of deforestation. The Costa Rican banana industry intents – together with the government under Laura Chinchilla – to be the first Central American country that reduces its’ CO2 emissions down to zero until 2021.
The export of bananas and tourism are the main economic sources of the Costa Rica.